Monday, September 16, 2013
Sunday, July 8, 2012
- A noun is a word used to identify people, animals, places, things, or ideas.
- Unlike English, all Spanish nouns, even those that refer to nonliving things, have gender. They are considered either masculine or feminine.
- As in English, nouns in Spanish also have number, meaning that they are either singular or plural.
Nouns that refer to living things
- Nouns that refer to males, like el hombre, are generally masculine.
- Nouns that refer to females, like la mujer, are generally feminine.
- Many nouns that refer to male beings end in–o or –or.
- Their corresponding feminine forms end in–a and –ora, respectively.
- The masculine and feminine forms of nouns that end in –ista, like turista, are the same, so gender is indicated by the article el (masculine) or la (feminine).
- Some other nouns have identical masculine and feminine forms.
the youth; the young man
the youth; the young woman
the (male) student
the (female) student
Nouns that refer to nonliving things
Masculine Nounsending in –o
el autobús the bus
Feminine Nounsending in –a
- Certain noun endings are strongly associated with a specific gender, so you can use them to determine if a noun is masculine or feminine.
- Because the gender of nouns that refer to non-living things cannot be determined by foolproof rules, you should memorize the gender of each noun you learn.
- It is helpful to memorize each noun with its corresponding article, el for masculine and la for feminine.
- Another reason to memorize the gender of every noun is that there are common exceptions to the rules of gender.Masculine noun ending in –ael mapa (map)Feminine noun ending in –ola mano (hand)
Plural of nouns
Nouns that end in a vowel form the plural by adding –s.
Nouns that end in a consonant add –es.
Nouns that end in –z change the –z to –c, then add –es.
- You use the masculine plural form of the noun to refer to a group that includes both males and females.1 pasajero + 2 pasajeras = 3 pasajeros
2 chicos + 2 chicas = 4 chicos
- When a singular noun has an accent mark on the last syllable, the accent is dropped from the plural form.la lección à las lecciones
el autobús à los autobuses
- As you know, English often uses definite articles (the) and indefinite articles (a, an) before nouns.
- Spanish also has definite and indefinite articles.
- Unlike English, Spanish articles vary in form because they agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.
- Spanish has four forms that are equivalent to the English definite article the. You use definite articles to refer to specific nouns.
Indefinite articlesSpanish has four forms that are equivalent to the English indefinite article, which according to context may mean a, an, or some. You use indefinite articles to refer to unspecified persons or things.
a (one) photograph
a (one) passenger
¡HÁZLO!Provide a definite article for each noun in the first column and an indefinite article for each noun in the second column.
|¿el, la, los o las?||¿un, una, unos o unas?|
|_____ chico||_____ autobús|
|_____ chica||_____ escuela|
|_____ maleta||_____ computadora|
|_____ cuadernos||_____ hombre|
|_____ lápiz||_____ señoras|
|_____ mujeres||_____ lápices|
Tuesday, July 19, 2011
Monday, July 18, 2011
I was recently hired at an all-boys high school and next month I will begin teaching teenagers. I will continue teaching at the University two nights a week. I have been spending the most of July in Arizona visiting family (including Gabe for a week JJ) but while I was out here I also got a call from a school I applied at months ago and I went in and interviewed last Thursday. I am hoping to hear back this week.
While on vacation this summer I have finished a few books – mostly nonfiction stuff, mostly things that I wanted to read for personal or professional development, probably not that interesting to other people but it has been interesting to me.
Here is a short list of the last two weeks reading:
Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus
How to Answer Hard Interview Questions
The First-Time Manager (which was awesome)
The Devil and Sherlock Holmes (also a very enjoyable read-listen (I use a text to speech program called Natural Reader – makes reading a lot easier for a slow reader like me))
I also downloaded a series of Love & Logic seminars and I have been listening to those. Very helpful stuff.
I have started a book by Thich Nhat Hanh called Anger, Wisdom for Cooling the Flames
I guess that that is about it on the reading end of things.
I have been able to watch this season of True Blood
I went to the newest Harry Potter with my sister. It was ok. I don’t think my son would like it and I don’t think that the battle scenes were nearly as interesting as they could [should] have been. The book was just better.
Hmmmmm….. What else?
I guess that that is good enough for now. Things are not bad. I wish I had Gabe all the time. It has been good seeing family. I feel like I am learning a lot. Nothing to complain about. Except my foot – my foot hurts. J There now I even complained. Life is good.
Thursday, July 14, 2011
Wednesday, July 13, 2011
Saturday, July 9, 2011
Spent three hours getting oral surgery done today. Last night I couldn’t sleep well because of pain and tonight I just can’t sleep. I think that it is the pain-killers I am on. L
In other news, I am in Phoenix. Been spending the week with Gabe and my family. I feel very blessed. I know that I am going to miss him so much next week.